P.E. 415
Physical Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription

Instructor:            L.R. Brilla
Office:                26 Carver
Office Hours:          MWF 11; T 8-10; and by appt.
Phone:                 650-3056; Email:brilla@cc.wwu.edu 

1.      Whaley, S. et al.  (2006).  ACSM Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription.  (7th ed.)  Philadelphia:
        Lippincott  Williams and Wilkins.
2.      Heyward, V.H. Advanced Fitness Assessment & Exercise
        Prescription. (5th ed.) Champaign IL: Human Kinetics,
3.      Nieman, D.C.  Exercise Testing and Prescription. 
	     (6th edition) San Francisco: McGraw-Hill, 2007.
4.      Roitman, J.L., et al. (Eds.) ACSM's Resource Manual. (4th 
        edition) Philadelphia: Williams & Wilkins, 2001.
5.      Lab manual.

Course Objectives:

This course will provide information to assess, plan, and conduct activities related to physical well-being. The content is applicable to a variety of settings, including schools, industry, government, health clubs, hospitals, recreational and/or agency settings. Specifically, lifelong pursuits related to enhanced metabolic functioning will be addressed.

Students will be able to plan and lead safe, effective and enjoyable physical activities which are designed for health maintenance and preventative exercise programs. The student will be able to:

1. Describe the components of physical fitness.

2. Identify factors which would benefit or adversely affect physical well-being.

3. Determine factors which would influence physical fitness by interview, questionnaire, personal health inventory.

4. Determine appropriate fitness appraisal tests, assess the individual and interpret the acquired data, including tests related to evaluation of body composition, cardiorespiratory, and musculoskeletal functioning.

5. Demonstrate appropriate exercise selection for specific age-groups: children, geriatrics.

6. Describe benefits and risks of selected physical activities as adjunct therapy for chronic disease processes, specifically: cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary diseases, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, and weight control.

7. Describe limiting factors related to participation in physical activity.

8. Develop individualized exercise prescription based on physical fitness appraisal with special concern for motivation, safety, and goal-achievement.

9. Demonstrate knowledge and competence in the development of group physical fitness programs.

10. Assimilate and integrate current information and techniques for the most applicable physical fitness assessment and exercise prescription selection and development.


1. Non-Examination Evaluation: Two laboratory assignments and two case studies are due on the dates indicated on the Class Schedule. Assignments are due by 4:30 p.m. of the day indicated. All late assignments will be graded as zero (0) unless prior approval is obtained from the instructor. All assignments should be typed with the pages stapled. Supplemental articles and texts should be used to further explain results and/or proposed mechanisms or functions. Results from all members of the laboratory group must be included (at least one data set must be included from the opposite sex). Students may submit one lab report from a group of 2 or 3 students. All will receive the grade indicated on the report.

The format for the laboratory assignments should be: 1) introduction; 2) results; 3) discussion; 4) practical applications and conclusions; 5) references. The format for the case study should be: 1) information given; 2) interpretation of the information; 3) further information desired; 4) evaluation; 5) development of an exercise prescription; 6) references. Case studies will also be presented orally in a 10 minute synopsis one week before the study is submitted.

2. Examination Evaluation: A two-hour mid-term written examination and a two-hour final written examination will be administered at times indicated on the Class Schedule. The examination format will be mostly short answer with some case study applications on the final examination. A minor portion of the exam may include multiple guess and/or matching questions. A practical examination will be administered in the laboratory. Stations will be set up and students will be randomly assigned to demonstrate their competencies in fitness appraisal and/or exercise leadership.

3.      Grade Assessment:
Laboratory assignments (2 x 50 pts. each)                    100 pts.
Case Study (2 x 25 pts. each)                                 50 pts.
Fit-steps                                                     10 pts.
Mid-term examination                                         120 pts.
Practical exam                                                50 pts.
Final examination                                            170 pts.
                                                     Total   500 pts.
               A:  450+
               B:  400 - 449          These marks may be skewed at the
               C:  350 - 399          discretion of the lecturer.
               D:  300 - 349			Plus (+) and minus (-) grades are also given for A, B, and C grades
               F:  less than 300



Week           Topic
1              Health and Fitness
                       A. Components
                       B. Influencing factors
                       C. Physical history prior to assessment/program;
                               health practice inventory, questionnaires, consent
                       D. Medico-legal aspects
2               Body Composition
Weight Control & Exercise
                       A. Hydrostatic weighing
                       B. Skinfolds
                       C. Anthropometry
                       D. Somatotype
                       E. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA),
                          infrared reactance (IR), ultrasound
                       *LAB #1 DUE:  Wednesday, 16 April*

3              Cardiorespiratory Assessment
                       A. Cardiac risk factors

diabetes risk

                       B. Resting assessment
                               1. HR, BP, ECG
ECG tutorial

ECG Learning 
                               2. Dynamic spirometry
                                      a. FEV1.0
                                      b. FEV1.0/FVC
                                      c. MVV (breathing reserve)
                       C.      Predictive tests
                               1. Field and submaximal tests
                                      a. Rockport walking test
                                      b. Timed run
                                      c. Step test
                                      d. Bicycle ergometer tests
                                              1. Astrand-Rhyming
                                              2. YMCA
                                      e. Submaximal treadmill test
                               2. Maximal graded exercise test (GXT)
                                      a. VO2max
                                              (aerobic capacity)
                                      b. "Anaerobic threshold" -
                                              ventilatory equivalent
                                      c. HR and BP response
                                      d. ECG assessment
                                      e. Perceived exertion (RPE)
                                      f. Breathing reserve
                                      g. Oxygen pulse, pulse pressure, 
                                              rate-pressure product
4              Cardiorespiratory Assessment (continued)
               Cardiorespiratory Response to Exercise
               *MID TERM EXAM:  Thursday, 1 May*
5              *Fit-Steps*, 5-9 May


               *LAB #2 DUE:  TUESDAY, 13 May*



6              Metabolic Calculations

               Problem Set (adapted from Swain & Leutholtz)

               Problem Soultions

7              Musculoskeletal Assessment; Response to Exercise
                       A. Effect of activity on the skeleton
                       B. Connective tissue (non-osseous) response to activity
                       C. Muscle tone, strength, and endurance
                       D. Flexibility
                       E. DOMS:  delayed-onset of muscle soreness
                       F. Fatigue
                       *CASE STUDIES DUE: Wednesday, 21 May*

8              Interpretation of Physical Fitness Data
                       A. Ancillary tests
                               1. Medical-physical examination
                               2. Blood test
                               3. Nutrition-dietary assessment
                               4. Others as appropriate
                       B. Fitness tests
                       C. Compiling of data
                       D. Participant/client interview
                       E. Exercise leadership
                               1. Components of an exercise session
                               2. Qualities of a good exercise leader
                               3. Teaching techniques
                               4. Special concerns/injury prevention
                               5. Environmental and clothing
                                      considerations in exercise
                               6. Termination criteria for the exercise 
                       F. Practical exam review
               *PRACTICAL LAB EXAM:  TUESDAY, 27 May*

9              Individual and Group Exercise Programming
                       A. Individual
                               1. Assessment battery selection
                               2. Goal setting/motivation
                               3. Personalized exercise selection
                               4. Monitoring
                               5. Safety
                               6. Re-evaluation
                       B. Group
                               1. Organization
                               2. Components
                               3. Facilities
                               4. Safety-environmental and safety
                               5. Re-evaluation
10             Therapeutic Exercise Applications
                       A. Cardiovascular
                       B. Diabetes
                       C. Weight Control
                       D. Pulmonary
                       E. Osteoporosis
        *FINAL EXAM:  Tuesday, 10 June, 3:30 p.m. - 5:30 p.m.*




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