Ira E. Hyman, Jr.

Psychology Department
Western Washington University
Bellingham, Washington 98225
(360) 650-3519
Fax:  (360) 650-7305


Ph. D.  Emory University, 1990
  Cognitive/Developmental Psychology

M. A.  Emory University, 1989
  Cognitive/Developmental Psychology

B. A.  Duke University, 1984
  Psychology, Cum Laude

Professional Experience

 Psychology Department
 Western Washington University

Associate Professor
 Psychology Department
 Western Washington University

Assistant Professor
 Psychology Department
 Western Washington University

Research Assistant Professor
 The Institute for the Learning Sciences
 Northwestern University



Neisser, U., & Hyman, I. E., Jr. (Eds.) (2000), Memory Observed:  Remembering in Natural Contexts (2nd Edition).  NY:  Worth.

Journal Articles

Scoboria, A., Wade, K., Lindsay, D. S., Azad, T., Strange, D., Ost, J., Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2016). A Mega-Analysis of Memory Reports from Eight Peer-Reviewed False Memory Implantation Studies. Memory . DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747 (Published online November 28th, 2016).

Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2016). Unaware observers: The impact of inattentional blindness on walkers, drivers, and eyewitnesses. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 5, 264-269. DOI: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2016.06.011

Lindsay, D. S., & Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2016). Commentary on Brewin and Andrews. Applied Cognitive Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/acp.3267

Hyman, I. E., Jr., Cutshaw, K. I., Hall, C. M., Snyders, M. E., Masters, S. A., Au, V., & Graham, J. M. (2015). Involuntary to Intrusive: Using Involuntary Musical Imagery to Explore Individual Differences and the Nature of Intrusive Thoughts. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain, 25, 14-27. DOI: 10.1037/pmu0000075 (Published online May 11th, 2015)

Hyman, I. E., Jr., Roundhill, R., Werner, K., & Rabiroff, C. (2014). Collaboration inflation: Egocentric source monitoring errors following collaborative remembering. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. DOI: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.04.004 (Published online April 24th, 2014).

Hyman, I. E., Jr., Sarb, B., & Wise-Swanson, B. (2014). Failure to see money on a tree: Inattentional blindness for objects that guided behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 5:356, 1-7. DOI: 10.3389/fpsy.2014.00356

Drivdahl, S. B., & Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2014). Fluidity in autobiographical memory: Relationship memories sampled on two occasions. Memory, 22, 1070-1081. DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2013.866683 (Published online December 16th, 2013).

Forgays, D. K., Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Schreiber, J. (2014). Texting everywhere for everything: Gender and age differences in cell phone etiquette and use. Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 314-321. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.10.053 (Published online November 26th, 2013).

Hyman, I. E., Jr., Cardwell, B. A., & Roy, R. A. (2013). Collaborative inhibition and facilitation in memory for categorized word lists. Memory, 21 , 875-890. DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2013.769058 (Published online February 25th, 2013).

Hyman, I. E., Jr., Burland, N. K., Duskin, H. M., Cook, M. C., Roy, C. M., McGrath, J. C., & Roundhill, R. F. (2013). Going Gaga: Investigating, creating, and manipulating the song stuck in my head. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27 , 204-215. DOI: 10.1002/acp.2897 (Published online December 13th, 2012 in Wiley InterScience.)

Summerfelt, H., Lippman, L., & Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2010). The Effect of Humor on Memory: Constrained by the Pun. The Journal of General Psychology, 137, 376-394. DOI: 10.1080/00221309.2010.499398.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., Boss, S. M., Wise, B. M., McKenzie, K. E., & Caggiano, J. M.   (2010).   Did you see the unicycling clown? Inattentional blindness while walking and talking on a cell phone.   Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24,597-607. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1638 (Published online October 19th, 2009 in Wiley InterScience.)

       Did You See the Unicycling Clown? Details are available here.

       Click here to see the recreation of the Unicylcing Clown experiment that appeared on CBC in the documentary titled 'Are We Digital Dummies?'

       Click here to see the recreation of the Unicylcing Clown experiment that appeared on News10 in Sacramento, CA'

       Click here for the picture of the Unicycling clown

Berliner, L., Hyman, I. E., Jr., Thomas, A., & Fitzgerald, M.  (2003).  Childrenís memory for trauma and positive experiences.  Journal of Traumatic Stress, 16, 229-236.

Weberling, L. C., Crain-Thoreson, C., Forgays, D. K., & Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2003). The validation of a prenatal screening inventory for prenatal child abuse risk prediction. Child Welfare, 82, 319-334.

Byrne, C. A., Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Scott, K.  (2001).  Comparisons of memories for traumatic events and other experiences.  Applied Cognitive Psychology, 15, s119-s133.  (A special issue on Trauma, Stress, and Autobiographical Memory.)

Oakes, M. A., & Hyman, I. E., Jr.  (2001).  The role of the self in false memory creation.  Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 4, 87-103.

Winningham, R. G., Hyman, I. E., Jr., Dinnel, D. L. (2000).   Flashbulb memories?  The effects of when the initial memory report was obtained.  Memory, 8, 209-216.

Kheriaty, E., Kleinknecht, R. A., & Hyman, I. E., Jr.  (1999).  Recall and validation of phobia origins as a function of a structured interview versus the Phobia Origins Questionnaire.  Behavior Modification, 23, 61-78.

Wilkinson, C. L., & Hyman, I. E., Jr. (1998).  Individual differences related to two types of memory errors:  Word lists may not generalize to autobiographical memory. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 12, S29-S46. (A special issue on Individual Differences and Memory.)

Kleinknecht, R. A., & Hyman, I. E., Jr. (1998).  Critical issues in memory for trauma:  The intersection of clinical psychology and cognitive science. Clinical Psychology Review, 18, 891-894.  (A special issue on Memory for Trauma:  The Intersection of Clinical Psychology and Cognitive Science.)

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Loftus, E. F.  (1998).  Errors in autobiographical memories. Clinical Psychology Review, 18, 933-947.  (A special issue on Memory for Trauma:  The Intersection of Clinical Psychology and Cognitive Science.)

Hyman, I. E., Jr., Gilstrap, L. L., Decker, K., & Wilkinson, C.  (1998).  Manipulating remember and know judgments of autobiographical memories:  An investigation of false memory creation. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 12, 371-386. (A special issue on Autobiographical Memory)

Usita, P. M., Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Herman, K. C.  (1998).  Narrative intentions:  Listening to life stories in Alzheimerís Disease.  Journal of Aging Studies, 12, 185-197.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Billings, F. J.  (1998).  Individual differences and the creation of false childhood memories.  Memory, 6, 1-20.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Pentland, J.  (1996).  The role of mental imagery in the creation of false childhood memories.  Journal of Memory and Language, 35, 101-117.  (A special issue on Memory Errors)

Hyman, I. E., Jr., Husband, T. H., & Billings, F. J.  (1995).  False memories of childhood experiences.  Applied Cognitive Psychology, 9,   181-197

Hyman, I. E., Jr.  (1994).  Conversational remembering:  Story recall with a peer vs. for an experimenter.  Applied Cognitive Psychology, 8, 49-66.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Neisser, U.  (1992).  The role of the self in recollections of a seminar.  Journal of Narrative and Life History, 2, 81-103.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Rubin, D. C. (1990).  Memorabeatlia:  A naturalistic study of long-term memory.  Memory & Cognition, 18, 205-214.

Book Chapters

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Loftus, E. F.  (2002). False childhood memories and eyewitness memory errors.  In M. L. Eisen, J. A. Quas, & G. S. Goodman (Eds.)  Memory and suggestibility in the forensic interview (pp. 63-84).    Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Oakes, M. A., & Hyman, I. E., Jr.  (2001).  The role of the self in false memory creation.  In J. J. Freyd & A. P. DePrince (Eds.) Trauma and cognitive science:  A meeting of minds, science, and human experience (pp. 87-103).  NY:  Haworth Press.  (This volume was simultaneously co-published as Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 4(8)).

Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2000).  The memory wars.  In U. Neisser & I. E. Hyman, Jr. (Eds.), Memory Observed:  Remembering in Natural Contexts (2nd Edition) (pp. 374-379).  NY:  Worth.

Oakes, M. A., & Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2000). The changing face of memory and self.  In D. F. Bjorklund (Ed.), Research and theory in false-memory creation in children and adults (pp 45-67). Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Hyman, I. E., Jr.  (1999).   Creating false autobiographical memories:  Why people believe their memory errors.  In E. Winograd, R. Fivush, & W. Hirst (Eds.),  Ecological approaches to cognition:  Essays in honor of Ulric Neisser (pp. 229-252).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Kleinknecht, E.  (1999).  False childhood memories:  Research, theory, and applications.  In L.  M. Williams & V. L. Banyard (Eds.) Trauma and memory (pp. 175-188).  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage.

Schooler, J., & Hyman, I. E., Jr.  (1997).  Investigating alternative accounts of veridical and non-veridical memories of trauma:  Report of the Cognitive Working Groups. In D. Read & S. Lindsay (Eds.),  Recollections of trauma:  Scientific research and clinical practice (pp. 531-540).  New York:  Plenum.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Loftus, E. F.  (1997).  Some people recover memories of childhood trauma that never really happened.  In P. Appelbaum, L. Uyehara, & M. Elin (Eds.), Trauma and memory:  Clinical and legal controversies (pp. 3-24).   Oxford University Press.

Hyman, I. E., Jr.  (1993).  Imagery, reconstructive memory, and discovery.  In B. Roskos-Ewoldsen, M. J. Intons-Peterson, & R. E. Anderson (Eds.), Imagery, creativity, and discovery:  A cognitive perspective (pp. 99-121).   The Netherlands:  Elsevier Science Publishers.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Faries, J. M. (1992).  The functions of autobiographical memories.  In M. A. Conway, D. C. Rubin, H. Spinnler, & W. A. Wagenaar (Eds.),  Theoretical perspectives on autobiographical memory (pp. 207-221).  The Netherlands:  Kulwer Academic Publishers.

Other Publications

Hyman, I. E., Jr. (2012, May/June). Remembering the Father of Cognitive Psychology: Ulric Neisser (1928-2012). Observer, 25(5), 24-31. (Wrote the description of Neisserís contributions to psychology and solicited and edited the set of remembrances.) See the Remembrance on the APS Observer website.

The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (1998).  Childhood Trauma Remembered:  A report on the current scientific knowledge base and its applications.  Chief Editors:  S. Roth & M. J. Friedman; Section Editors:  D. Finkelhor, L. Williams, M. J. Friedman, L. Berliner, & S. L. Bloom; Contributors:  V. L. Banyard, C. Courtois, D. Elliot, I. Hyman, D. Rubin, D. Schacter, J. W. Schooler, S. Southwick, C. Tracy, & B. A. van der Kolk.

Hyman, I. E., Jr.  (1992).  Multiple approaches to remembering:  Comment on Edwards, Middleton, and Potter.  The Psychologist, 15, 450-451.

Hyman, I. E., Jr., & Neisser, U.  (1991).  Reconstruing mental images:  Problems of method.  Emory Cognition Project Report, 19,  Emory University, Department of Psychology.